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5 Most Common Types of Residential Roofing
There was a time just a couple of decades ago when if somebody needed a new roof, they were pretty much limited to an assortment of asphalt shingles.
This was not only the most cost-effective option (in lieu of a tarp and some bricks) but also the one most roofing contractors were comfortable installing.
In recent decades though, the availability and popularity of a variety of non-asphalt roofing materials has increased dramatically, and while asphalt is still the most popular, there are a number of other options which have been steadily gaining in popularity over the years.
Seventy-five percent of the roofs in America are covered with asphalt shingles because of their 'ility' factor - versatility, durability, and affordability.
Asphalt shingles come in a wide variety of colors, can be used on almost any roof, and are very easy to install. That being said, there are drawbacks; they are not being environmentally-friendly due to their inability to be recycled.
Also, asphalt shingles provide very little insulation and can be damaged relatively easily by mold, mildew, or even just being walked on when the weather is very hot. Despite those drawbacks, they are still very attractive looking and cheap.
Metal roofs are gaining in popularity as they are virtually a lifetime product barring any Biblical storms. The metal roofs require no maintenance, aren't prone to mold or mildew growth, and actually ease heating and cooling of the home.
Wood shakes are installed mostly because of their exotic beauty; their unique look sets them apart from other homes in most neighborhoods.
Asphalt shingles are the closest competitor to wood shakes, and in that regard wood is a superior product. Quality wood has higher insulation properties and lasts about 10 years longer than asphalt, in addition to being more environmentally friendly.
If you're looking for a long-lasting roofing material, it would be difficult to argue that slate wouldn't be your best option. Slate is quite expensive though, starting out at around $550 per square, but that cost is offset by a 100-year life span. Also, slate offers a unique look and aesthetic desirability that no other style can offer.
Probably the best option for flat additions to a house is rubber roll attached by adhesive. Proper design is critical with flat roofs as there must be a natural slope built in to provide adequate drainage. Beyond that rubber roll is inexpensive and easy to install.